Lilium (Lilies)

Dec 4, 2023 | Gardening Advice

Although there are many types of Lilies their culture remains similar.

Sun: Full sun with the base of the plant in shade. Water freely during active growth and apply a high-potash liquid fertilizer (5-10-5) in spring and again before bloom.

Soil: Well-drained, deeply dug, medium-heavy soil, enriched with leaf mould or compost. Abundant water in summer, drier in winter. Well-drained soil is necessary. Most prefer acidic to neutral soil, martagons like some lime. A light (strawy) mulch should be applied.

Where to Locate: Color for the border. Decorative pots where they may be enjoyed as they come into bloom, Use species lilies for naturalizing. Plant 12-18” apart in groups of 3-5. Protect from strong winds. Most need staking when they are 1’ tall, be careful not to pierce the bulb.

Care: Remove flowers when they begin to fade, but leave stems and leaves to nourish the bulb. When cutting blooms for display leave as much of the stem and foliage as possible.

Diseases: Botrytis, a fungal disease, is common, especially in cool, wet weather. Viruses spread by aphids may be a problem. Any dead or diseased foliage should be collected and destroyed to help prevent further infection. The plants may be eaten by rodents, rabbits and deer.

Propagation: New plants may be propagated and hybridized from seed, stem bulblets, scales or bulbils. Detailed discussions of methodology can be found in many texts.

ASIATIC: Flower June-July. Tremendous color range with usually, downward facing blooms. Least fussy as to soil – any well-drained soil will do.

AURELIAN: Trumpet lilies blooming late June-August. Fragrant.

LA HYBRIDS: July bloom. Crosses between Asiatic and Longiflorum (Easter) Lilies.

ORIENTAL: Exotics. Fragrant. Bloom August.

SPECIES: For naturalizing. Martagon blooms in June; tigrinum July-August. Martagon and tigrinum can take shade.

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LILIUM (Lilies)



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